Thursday, March 24, 2016

US “Aid” to Israel is Illegal

The New Observer
March 24, 2016
The untold billions of dollars of “aid” provided to Israel by America since 1976 has been illegal in terms of the US’s own law, which forbids aid to any nuclear-armed nation which is not a signatory to the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPF).
Sections 101 and 102 of the US’s Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (AECA) contains the specific provisions, and Israel has refused to sign the NPF despite being in possession of around eighty nuclear weapons.
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The law banning aid to any nuclear-armed country which is not a signatory to the NPF came about in 1976, when the so-called “Symington Amendment” was passed by Congress.
Originally introduced by Stuart Symington, a Democratic senator from Missouri, to strengthen the US position on nuclear non-proliferation, the amendment was made to the then Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, under section 669.
It banned US economic and military assistance, and export credits to countries that deliver or receive, acquire or transfer nuclear enrichment technology when they do not comply with IAEA regulations and inspections. This provision, as amended, isnow contained in Section 101 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA), and reads as follows:
(a) PROHIBITIONS; SAFEGUARDS AND MANAGEMENT. —Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, no funds made available to carry out the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 or this Act may be used for the purpose of providing economic assistance (including assistance under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961), providing military assistance or grant military education and training, providing assistance under chapter 6 of part II of that Act, or extending military credits or making guarantees, to any country which the President determines delivers nuclear enrichment equipment, materials, or technology to any other country on or after August 4, 1977, or receives such equipment, materials, or technology from any other country on or after August 4, 1977, unless before such delivery—
(1) the supplying country and receiving country have reached agreement to place all such equipment, materials, or technology, upon delivery, under multilateral auspices and management when available; and
(2) the recipient country has entered into an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency to place all such equipment, materials, technology, and all nuclear fuel and facilities in such country under the safeguards system of such Agency.
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Part (b) of that amendment does provide for the provision of aid to nations which have not signed the NPF, if, and only if, two conditions have been fulfilled, namely that the President informs Congress in writing that US interests will be adversely affected, or a report in writing that the nation in question will stop its nuclear weapons program:
(b) CERTIFICATION BY PRESIDENT OF NECESSITY OF CONTINUED ASSISTANCE; DISAPPROVAL BY CONGRESS.—
(1) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, the President may furnish assistance which would otherwise be prohibited under such subsection if he determines and certifies in writing to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate that—
(A) the termination of such assistance would have a serious adverse effect on vital United States interests; and
(B) he has received reliable assurances that the country in question will not acquire or develop nuclear weapons or assist other nations in doing so. Such certification shall set forth the reasons supporting such determination in each particular case.
As no such written certification has ever been issued by any US president allowing Israel to receive aid—and all senior US government officials, from the President down have always known Israel has nuclear weapons—it is therefore clear that all aid to Israel since 1976 has been illegal.
This is not the only section of the Arms Export Control Act which makes aid to Israel illegal. In 1977, the so-called “Glenn Amendment” was adopted to the then Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and was taken up into that law under its section 670.
This amendment also forbade aid to countries that acquire or transfer nuclear reprocessing technology or explode or transfer a nuclear device.This provision, as amended, is now contained in Section 102 of the Arms Export Control Act.
Israel is now known to have begun full-scale production of nuclear weapons following the 1967 Six-Day War, although it built its first operational nuclear weapon by December 1966.
It is no secret that Israel has nuclear weapons. This was directly admitted by then US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton in her email of 2012, when she discussed why it was necessary to destroy Syria for Israel:
Iran’s nuclear program and Syria’s civil war may seem unconnected, but they are. What Israeli military leaders really worry about — but cannot talk about — is losing their nuclear monopoly.
An Iranian nuclear weapons capability would not only end that nuclear monopoly but could also prompt other adversaries, like Saudi Arabia and Egypt, to go nuclear as well. The result would be a precarious nuclear balance in which Israel could not respond to provocations with conventional military strikes on Syria and Lebanon, as it can today.
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This email proves that senior US government officials know that Israel has nuclear weapons—and that its continuing “aid” to Israel is direct contravention of the Arms Export Control Act.
In 1974, the US Government’s CIA Special National Intelligence Estimate specifically said that “Israel has already produced and stockpiled a small number of fission weapons, and has invested heavily in a costly missile system that is ineffective for precision delivery of conventional weapons” (“Prospects for Further Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.” Special National Intelligence Estimate. CIA. August 23, 1974. SNIE 4-1-74).
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The-Telegraph-Israel-bomb
In a TV documentary titled “The Bomb in the Basement: Israel’s Nuclear Option,” Peres directly confirmed Israel’s nuclear capability, and he and French government officials gave details about the cooperation between Israel and France in launching Israel’s nuclear program.
The existence of Israel’s nuclear weapons program was also confirmed by a Jewish deserter, Mordechai Vanunu, a former nuclear technician who worked at the Negev Nuclear Research Center, south of Dimona.
Vanunu photographed many of the nuclear weapon components at the Dimona facility, defected, and then revealed all in a famous front page interview with the London Sunday Times in 1986.
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Vanunu was subsequently lured to Italy by a Mossad agent, where he was drugged, abducted, and transported to Israel. There he was put on trial for treason and convicted in a closed court hearing, spending more than eighteen years in prison.
He is currently under effective house arrest in Israel, but maintains a website which contains all of his pictures of the Jewish nuclear weapons program.
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Production model of Israeli nuclear weapon core. From the photographs taken by whistleblower Mordechai Vanunu.
As all the evidence therefore shows, it is no secret that Israel has nuclear weapons, but that state has still not signed the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty—even though Barack Obama asked Israel to do so, in public, in 2010.
haaretz-NPF
The conclusion is therefore inescapable: American “aid” to Israel is illegal, and every US administration since 1976 has openly broken the law because of the Jewish lobby’s control over the politicians.
It is also equally clear that any group which got together the money and the legal ability could successfully prosecute a case against the US government for breaking the Arms Export Control Act.

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